Geography and population
Varna District is situated in the North-eastern part of Bulgaria. Its territory amounts to 3,44% of the territory of the country. It is composed of 12 municipalities with а total population of 465,012, which is 5,4% of the whole population of the country
The population is concentrated in the city of Varna – 314,539 inhabitants.
The city of Varna is the third largest city in Bulgaria and the largest city in the north-eastern region. It is situated on the Black Sea, extending into the Bay of Varna. The city was built on a large, even 18 meter high terrace in the far north-western curve of the bay which juts out 7 km into the mainland.
Varna District has the highest rate of digitization of the telephone network in Bulgaria (33%). Both Bulgarian mobile operators have offices in the city.
Logistics-roads, railroads, airports
Varna International Airport provides maintenance of airplanes, passenger and cargo (over 10,000 tons per year) services. The duration of the flight to Sofia is about 40 minutes with two regular flights a day.
Port of Varna is the largest port complex in Bulgaria. Its strategic location makes it a gateway between Europe and the Middle East. It is connected directly with Russia, Georgia and Ukraine by ferry and Ro-Ro lines. Shipping companies operate regular lines to Istanbul, Athens and other cities in the Western Mediterranean. By railway (Varna – Rousse) and the corridor "Rhein-Main-Danube" the city is connected with Western Europe
The port integrates four connected parts: Port Varna - East, Port Varna - West, Port Balchik and the port of the Thermoelectric Power Station. The well-developed infrastructure is connected with Port Lesport and the ferry complex as well. At Port Varna are available 20 ship terminals for general cargo, oil and chemical products, timber, etc., 2 container handling terminals for 20' and 40' containers and a passenger terminal. In November 2001 a modern facility for grain handling began operation. The port complex has at its disposal 70,000 sq. m in-door and 400,000 sq. m open-air storage area.
- Bus schedule Sofia-Varna
Current priority industry sectors
The economic profile of the Region includes: machine-building, shipbuilding, chemical industry, sea and air transport, tourism, food processing and wine industries. The industrial zones of Varna and Provadia are composed of over 100 enterprises, shipbuilding and repair, diesel engines, communications, sea-navigation, medical and household goods, textile and ready-made clothes, furniture and metallurgy. Food and wine industries produce over 50,000 tons per year. Fruits and vegetable conserves, sugar, salt, beer, soft drinks, fresh and processed meat and milk products are processed. Concentrated in Devnya and Beloslav are large scale chemical industries. The plants produce soda ash, cement, polyvinilchloride, fertilizers, detergents, washing and cleaning products, glass and sanitary glass, household chemical products. Port Varna is the second largest port (after Bourgas port) in Bulgaria. The ferryboat Varna - Ilichovsk is a direct bridge to Ukraine.
Prevailing in the region are grains and fodder cultures, vineyards and orchards. Main priorities are restoration of the vineyards (20 000 dka), creation of orchards (20 000 dka), rehabilitation of the irrigation systems, creation of small grain-depots, reconstruction of the stock-breeding farms, establishment of stock-exchanges and Agrobusiness centre.
There are five universities in Varna which enrol about 30,600 students.
Communications-TV, radio, newspapers, internet providers
Most of the country’s major Internet Service Providers are present in the city. Unlimited Internet access of 33,6 Kbps over a cable network is provided for $15 a month. Higher speed Internet connections (128 Kbps) over DSL are also available with a monthly subscription fee of less than $100 for 1200 MB of traffic.(information from begining of 2005)
The competitive structure of the IT sector is due to the large number of software and hardware firms. Software companies are specialized in web-development, and ERP and financial software, complying with local legislation. Because of the large number of IT students the city has the potential to become an Offshore Development Centre for software. For the time being however, foreign investors have not taken advantage of this opportunity.
Another free market segment is hardware production – local demand is still being satisfied predominantly through assembly of imported components.
Places to visit and tourist information
Varna Region is a land of ancient civilizations, established as a city in the VI century BC. In the suburbs of Varna the oldest in the world gold treasure has been found. It is exposed nowadays in the Archaeological Museum in Varna.
Six national festivals are held in Varna. The sea resorts in the region are among the world famous Bulgarian resorts.
Business information and contact data
Economic Development Agency, Varna
2, Shipka Str.
Tel/Fax:( +359 52) 606 274, :( +359 52) 606 275
Mobile: +359 887/934 526
Executive Director: Mrs. Dora Dimitrova
Union of Bulgarian Black Sea Local Authorities /UBBSLA/
Tel./Fax: +359 52 600266;
+359 52 602122
Tel. +35952 600616
Fax: +35952 605757
Varna Chamber of Commerce and Industry
135, Primorsky Blvd.
Tel: (+ 359 52) 61 21 73
Fax: (+ 359 52) 61 21 46